Fondamenti Di Medicina Nucleare Volterrani.pdfl
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Fondamenti Di Medicina Nucleare Volterrani: A Comprehensive Guide to Nuclear Medicine Techniques and Applications
Nuclear medicine is a branch of medical imaging that uses radioactive substances (radiopharmaceuticals) to diagnose and treat various diseases. Nuclear medicine can provide functional information about the organs and tissues of the body, as well as their structure and morphology.
Fondamenti Di Medicina Nucleare Volterrani is a book edited by Duccio Volterrani, Giuliano Mariani and Paola Anna Erba, published by Springer Verlag in 2010. It is a comprehensive and updated reference for students, professionals and clinicians who are interested in nuclear medicine.
The book covers the basic principles of radioactivity, radiopharmaceuticals, instrumentation, quality control, radiation protection and therapy with nuclear medicine techniques. It also includes chapters dedicated to specific clinical applications of nuclear medicine, such as the study of the skeletal system, the cardiovascular system, the endocrine system, the central nervous system, the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal system, the genitourinary system, the hematopoietic system, the oncological system and the inflammatory-infectious system.
Each chapter provides a clinical introduction, a description of the radiopharmaceuticals and imaging modalities used, a discussion of the indications, contraindications, limitations and pitfalls of nuclear medicine techniques, and a presentation of representative cases with images and reports.
The book is written in Italian and is part of the Imaging & Formazione series by Springer Verlag. It has 864 pages and is available in both hardcover and electronic format. It has received 10 citations and 4 altmetric scores according to SpringerLink[^2^]. It has also been downloaded 30k times according to SpringerLink[^1^].
Fondamenti Di Medicina Nucleare Volterrani is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about nuclear medicine and its applications in clinical practice. It is based on the professional experience and teaching activity of the authors, who are experts in the field of nuclear medicine. It is designed to be read at different levels of depth and to serve as a reference point for different operators and users of nuclear medicine.
Nuclear medicine has several benefits and challenges that need to be considered by patients and doctors. Here are some of the main advantages and disadvantages of nuclear medicine.
Benefits of Nuclear Medicine
Nuclear medicine provides information on how organs, tissues, and cells are working. Unlike other common imaging procedures that only show the structures, nuclear medicine can reveal the function and metabolism of the body parts. This can help diagnose diseases at an early stage, monitor the response to treatment, and assess the prognosis of the condition.
Nuclear medicine can also be used in targeted treatments to kill or damage harmful or cancerous cells, reduce the size of tumors, or reduce pain. For example, radioiodine therapy can be used to treat thyroid cancer or hyperthyroidism by delivering a high dose of radiation to the thyroid gland. Another example is lutetium Lu 177 dotatate (Lutathera), which is a peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) approved by the FDA for treating neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). PRRT uses radioactive molecules that recognize and bind to tumor cells, delivering radiation directly and causing them to die.
Challenges of Nuclear Medicine
Nuclear medicine involves the use of radioactive substances that can be harmful to the patient and the environment. The radiation from nuclear medicine products can cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, fatigue, hair loss, skin reactions, bone marrow suppression, and infertility. The radiation can also increase the risk of developing secondary cancers or genetic mutations in the future. Therefore, nuclear medicine products need to be handled with care and disposed of properly.
Nuclear medicine is also limited by the availability and cost of the radiopharmaceuticals and the equipment. The production of radiopharmaceuticals requires specialized facilities and trained personnel, which are not widely available in many regions. The radiopharmaceuticals also have a short shelf life due to their radioactive decay, which means they need to be delivered and used quickly. The equipment for nuclear medicine imaging and therapy, such as gamma cameras, PET scanners, and PRRT devices, are expensive and require maintenance and calibration.
Nuclear medicine is a valuable tool for diagnosing and treating various diseases, but it also poses some challenges that need to be addressed. Patients and doctors should weigh the benefits and risks of nuclear medicine before deciding on the best course of action. aa16f39245